Around 90% of females suffer from urinary tract infection (UTI) at least once in their life. Urinary tract infection or UTI is very common among young females. Since urethra of women is shorter compared to that of man, there are high chances of retrograde transfer of bacteria to the urinary bladder causing cystitis. And another common cause is a lack of proper hygiene.
Urinary tract infection or UTI is known as infection of the urinary tract and accessory organs by different bacteria, most common being ischemia cold. some of the common signs and symptoms of UTI in females are:
- Painful urination with burning sensation:
also known as dysuria, this is one of the classical features of urinary tract infection.
- Increased urinary frequency and urgency:
Those suffering from urinary tract infection (UTI) will always feel like the incomplete emptying of urinary bladder as well as due to irritation of the nerves supplying the urinary tracts by the infectious process, the urge to urinate significantly increases.
- Pain in the flanks:
Though not always present, if you are suffering from burning and painful micturition with pain in the flanks, chances are you might be suffering from UTI. The pain due to UTI is usually dull and long lasting and occurs due to pyelonephritis. Severe sharp pain in the flanks with painful urination is usually as a sign of renal stones associated with urinary tract infection.
- Cloudy or turbid appearance in the urine:
It is very common to see a cloudy or turbid appearance in urine in those suffering from UTI. Though not always present, it is due to the pus mixing with the urine. Sometimes blood is also seen in the urine.
- Pain in the suprapubic region:
Pain in the suprapubic region is seen in cystitis. The pain can be dull, long lasting, non-radiating.
- Lower back pain:
Lower urinary tract infection is one of the commonest cause of lower back pain in females. The pain is usually dull, long lasting and can hamper your daily activities.
- Painful sex:
Though pain during sex is a feature of pelvic inflammatory disease(PID). Lower urinary tract infection can also sometimes cause pain during sex as UTI usually leads to pelvic inflammatory disease(PID)
- Fever with chills, rigors, and malaise:
Fever is more frequently seen in upper urinary tract infection (pyelonephritis). if the infection is severe then it is also seen in lower Urinary tract infection (cystitis).