Salbutamol is also called as albuterol. The difference between salbutamol and albuterol is only in spelling.
Salbutamol is simply called bronchodilator (It dilates the bronchi muscles in the lungs and makes the airway passage wider, which makes a person easy to breathe).
Salbutamol belongs to a specific group of drugs called beta adrenergic bronchodilators.
After salbutamol was marketed in 1968, it became very popular among people suffering from asthma and other lungs diseases. There was vast change in death rate of people due to airways obstruction. The death rate decreased.
Salbutamol was approved by FDA (Food and Drug Administration) may 1982.
No, salbutamol is absolutely not over the counter drug. Salbutamol can only be used with doctors consultation and prescription.
Salbutamol or albuterol is sold in different countries under different brand names. Some of the commonly available forms of salbutamol are:
Even though different forms of salbutamol are available, the most used forms are aerosols powders and aerosols solution as it the the most effective and gives quick relief among all. It is inhaled through mouth and within few minutes of inhalation, it works on the airways and makes it wider helping the person to breathe.
Oral forms are used only if one is not able to take through inhalation.
About the doses, your health professional will prescribe. Do not overuse it or do not use less than prescribed doses.
Salbutamol was the first drug under the group beta2 adrenergic agonist.
There are certain types of receptors in different tissues. In bronchial muscle, uterus, blood vessels and some others they have beta2 adrenergic receptor.
When salbutamol is taken, it act on these receptors(receive, take them inside the cell and act) and relax them. As for bronchial muscle, salbutamol treats the bronchospasm (strong and continuous contraction of bronchial muscle) and dilate which makes the airways passage wider.
Salbutamol also acts on other tissues that have beta 2 adrenergic receptors.
Salbutamol is short acting drug which means it act in few minutes.